In a nutshell, the user interface is the point of interaction between the user and the web platform. And the aim of user interface design is to build an interface focusing on the look and feel so that it is pleasant to interact with. Thus, UI design stands for the process of designing the interface. When it’s done well, users feel comfortable when interacting with the platform. It concerns the properly chosen typefaces, comprehensive layouts, perfectly suiting colors, and other design elements like buttons and icons. When it’s done poorly, users may face numerous obstacles that deteriorate their experience, urging them to leave to find a better one on another platform. Thus, UI design is vital for user retention as well as for a well-organized and consistent look.
However, UI design takes much effort and attention to detail. Essentially, excellent UI design means interactiveness. The interface should be creative yet comprehensive so as not to deteriorate the overall platform’s usability. Also, before the actual design process, it’s critical to conduct thorough research. That helps UI designers to outline the core requirements and meet the needs of both the stakeholders and clients. And if research-proven, UI design can be a success.
Besides, there are several UI design fundamentals that serve as a foundation for any UI design project. User interface design principles represent high-level concepts that are used to guide software design. And when following them, you have better chances to produce qualified and impeccable interfaces. Let’s consider them:
#1 The principle of user-centered interface
When placing users in control of the interface, they feel comfortable and learn more quickly to interact with it. To make that happen there are several methods to use. First, you need to make the actions reversible. It means that users can always backtrack whatever they’re doing. That allows users to escape the fear of failure because they know that errors can be easily undone. This method can significantly improve the user experience and contribute to better interface usability.
Another way to make the user-centered interface is easy-to-use navigation. No doubt, navigation must be always comprehensive and evident. As for the UI design, navigation should also be intuitive and predictable. For that reason, employ visual cues, which will help users to navigate through an interface with ease. Also, cues can help your interface be predictable, which also lessens the fear of mistakes and promotes intuitive UI.
Also, you may use feedback that can serve as a meaningful, clear reaction to the user’s actions. For instance, when a user clicks on a button, it’s critical to provide an indication of the success of that action. Thus, interaction with the interface becomes acknowledging, which is also a user-centered technique.
#2 The principle of smooth functioning
For an excellent UI design, it’s critical to ensure that the interface not only looks beautiful but functions well. For that reason, you need to eliminate all elements that are irrelevant to the users or not helping them. These elements may create additional noise in UI, which can diminish the visibility of vital information and important elements. Thus, it’s paramount to design an interface in a way that all information presented is relevant and visible.
Also, make sure that the buttons and icons you use are integral to your design. Implement them properly so that they enhance the interface but not damage its functionality. Only that way you can achieve smooth functioning, which is vital to UI.
#3 The principle of low cognitive load
When crafting a user interface, it’s important to keep to the minimal total number of actions required to complete a specific task. That is an issue of cognitive load. And for an interface design to be excellent, its cognitive load should be low. Thus, users will need to remember fewer clicks instead of many that are more likely to be forgotten.